Wisconsin Lakes: Where does the water come from?

March 29, 2011
Lake types are determined by how water enters the lake.  The sources included groundwater, surface water, the watershed and direct precipitation.  There are five types of lakes in Wisconsin
1.   SEEPAGE LAKES    A seepage lake does not have an inlet or outlet. They are landlocked bodies of water whose main source is precipitation, runoff and groundwater.  Water levels fluctuate with rainfall patterns, when there is a drought the water level drops.  Seepage lakes are the most common lake type in Wisconsin
2.   SPRING LAKES   A spring lake has an outlet, but no inlet.  Groundwater flowing into the bottom of the lake from the immediate drainage area  is the main source of water for these lakes. Spring lakes are often the headwaters of many streams.  Lac Vieux Desert, a 4600 acre lake in Vilas County is the headwaters of the Wisconsin River
3.     DRAINED LAKES    Like spring lakes, these lakes have an outlet, but no inlet.  Their main source of water is from precipitation and drainage..  Drained lakes are the least common type lake in Wisconsin
4.   DRAINAGE LAKES    Drainage lakes have both an inlet and outlet. Most major rivers in Wisconsin have drainage lakes along their course.  An example is the Eagle River Chain of Lakes and Lake Mohawksin in Tomahawk which are part of the Wisconsin River. 
5.   IMPOUNDMENTS  An impoundment is an artificial lake created by a dam or other structure. These are also considered drainage lakes since they have an inlet and an outlet with its main source of water coming from a stream or river.  Lake Nokomis in Lincoln County is an impoundment of the Tomahawk River. 
Sandy Ebben, Vice President and Manager of First Weber’s Rhinelander Office. Sandy is a Lake Mildred resident and has shared other photos of living on the lake and insights into Northwoods, Wisconsin living.

Be sure to find out what the type of lake is if you are considering purchasing a lake property in Wisconsin.  There’s still time to buy lake property and be in by summer.  Activity has been picking up in the Northwoods – start your lake property search at firstweber.com today. Thanks for visiting the First Weber Wisconsin real estate & Wisconsin living blog about types of lakes in Wisconsin

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